The McCain Institute for International Leadership and the Stockholm Free World Forum (Frivärld) have created an interactive timeline to illustrate the development of Russian activity in the Nordic-Baltic region since the fall of 2016.

View the timeline here.

Over the past 20 years, but particularly since the Russian invasion of Ukraine and annexation of Crimea, the security situation of the Nordic-Baltics has worsened. Incidents now occur on almost a daily basis.

This timeline is the third one in a series that maps Russian activity in the region since 1999. The first one showed a dramatic increase of incidents between 2013 and 2014. View the first interactive timeline here.

The second one showed that since 2015, the incidences that have occurred are often of a more serious nature compared to the previous years. View the second interactive timeline here.

Our latest timeline demonstrates that overall, Russia’s activity against its neighbors remains high. Military force projection is the most typical form of action. Outright territorial violations are still common and subversive actions are on the rise.