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Ukrainian McCain Global Leader Reflects on One-Year Anniversary of Russian Invasion

She never imagined she would run from sirens. Not in her home country. She never imagined she would hear missile strike explosions or the terrible stories of what her friends endured with her own ears. Or the horrors of war with her own eyes. She never imagined she and her son would be forced to flee their home – with only a backpack with essential documents because surely it would be safe to return in a few days. Because this was Kyiv, Ukraine.

This was Kyiv, Ukraine, on February 24, 2022.

Dr. Mariia Levchenko, along with thousands of other Ukrainians, woke up to an inconceivable reality that morning one year ago – war had begun.

“I woke up early, like many of my other compatriots, from a phone call: there were Russian tanks in Mariupol,” Mariia recalled. “At first, I didn’t understand what it was all about. But after a few minutes, I heard an explosion in the distance and realized everything was serious. Kyiv, at this time, was no longer sleeping. At 5 a.m., so many cars were on the streets as people hurried to leave the city. Even now, when I remember the first moments of the beginning of the war, I feel coldness on the skin.”

Mariia, a 2022 McCain Global Leader, scrambled to figure out what to do next – what to take with her, where to run, where the nearest bomb shelter was located.

Before the Russian invasion, Vladimir Putin’s hateful rhetoric was widely considered propaganda and extremism. And while most people in Ukraine expected military action to occur (specifically along the Russia-Ukraine border), not many anticipated a full-scale attack across the country’s entire region.

“Because, honestly, to believe that in the 21st century Europe, the whole horror of World War II can be repeated – filtration camps, rockets aimed at residential areas, flows of refugees at the borders, and chilling sounds of anti-missile defense on the streets of peaceful cities – was difficult,” Mariia said.

Mariia profoundly remembers the deafening silence among the vast flow of people trying to leave the capital. Metro stations were closed, and military vehicles created hourlong traffic jams, so people walked three to five kilometers carrying their belongings, small children, and pets. Nobody spoke as they dragged their most valuable items, and an oppressive feeling of anxiety and fear hovered in the air. Everything was in slow motion amidst the chaos.

Mariia’s priority was to get to her son, whom she had taken to a place in western Ukraine a day before the invasion before returning to Kyiv that same night. She thought, once there, she would return to Kyiv in a week max, but when she received word that a rocket hit a neighboring house, she understood then it would not be safe to go back. At least for now.

So Mariia and her son crossed over into Moldova as Ukrainian refugees.

“I don’t want anyone ever to experience those feelings when you realize you can lose your home and are forced to leave your native land,” Mariia said. “But once we made it out – first to Moldova, I was overwhelmed by the generosity and support from all the people we met on our way. Everyone was so kind that it broke our hearts even more. People were giving out the last things they owned to help the refugees running away from war.”

That support and kindness inspired Mariia to continue striving for peace. By trade, Mariia is a peacebuilding officer at the Romanian Peace Institute (PATRIR) and the European director of outreach and training at the River Phoenix Center for Peacebuilding. In the past, she worked as a dialogue facilitation officer at OSCE. Before the war, she focused on how dialogues could create a space for conversations between people in Ukraine’s occupied and governmentally controlled territories. But then, with the start of the war, there was no space for dialogue.

“In the peacebuilding field, we believe foundations for peace should and must be laid even during the war, because the whole social fabric of society is destroyed,” Mariia explained. “Despite the war uniting people to fight against the common aggressor, it also creates divisions and fuels polarization among the Ukrainians: refugee, non-refugee, fighting at the frontlines, or becoming an IDP.”

Therefore, she shifted her focus of work on essential skills, such as conflict resolution, social and emotional awareness, and trauma healing. For the past year, she has worked on the ground to understand the challenges and opportunities in local communities and how to raise Ukrainian voices so the world can continue to hear them.

“This civic activism stems from the Ukrainian decentralized political culture and our spirit and identity. This is what keeps me motivated to continue working in this field,” Mariia said. “Keeping Ukraine at the forefront of the global community’s mind is a challenging task. Many countries feel the sanctions’ impact on Russia and their economies. There is a growing global divide, where some countries call for Ukraine to give up the territories and sit at the negotiation table. But for our country, that would mean total defeat and losing everything we have been fighting for: our independence and freedom.”

Mariia decided to participate in the McCain Institute’s McCain Global Leaders (MGL) program as a way to build upon her work. This 10-month fellowship allowed her to meet other character-driven leaders from around the world who embody Senator John McCain’s legacy of serving causes greater than oneself. She even had the opportunity to help fellow Ukrainian refugees along the Poland-Ukraine border through World Central Kitchen as part of the MGL program, a cornerstone experience that she says gave her the strength to keep moving forward.

“I understood I was not alone on this journey to do something for society and the world. There are many other young leaders, who are also struggling at times, but together, we create a balanced system of like-minded people who are burning with the desire to change the world for the better,” Mariia explained.

Despite having the generosity of strangers, her work, and the MGL program to give her hope for the future, Mariia knows the hardships Ukrainians still face. For they have now experienced first-hand what an “event of a global scale” is – something most of us don’t truly understand until we’ve been through something similar. But we can continue to provide our support for our shared values of democracy and freedom.

“Today is the time for actions, not words. I believe that Senator McCain would feel the same,” Mariia said. “Everyone is paying the price for the war that Russia started against Ukraine. The Russians, who continue to pretend that this will not affect them, will pay an exceptionally high price. That is why it is necessary to continue talking about the war and taking action to support the people on the ground.”

The Ukrainians are a strong and brave people who have unwaveringly stood up to the face of Russia’s authoritarianism, despite being outgunned, and have proven that united and with a strong will, democracy will triumph over Russia’s aggression. Mariia hopes the world will continue to stand with Ukraine so she can one day return to rebuild her home.

“Because the war will destroy the society where there is a crack or a big division,” she said. “And it would unite humanity even more if there was love for the home country and the people. As iron is melted into steel in the fire, people are transformed into a nation in the struggle.”

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DISCLAIMER: McCain Institute is a nonpartisan organization that is part of Arizona State University. The views expressed in this blog are solely those of the author and do not represent an opinion of the McCain Institute.

Staci McDermott, Assistant Director, Communications, McCain Institute
Publish Date
February 23, 2023